Model for Long-Term Pollutant Fate and Transport

AT123D, analytical, transient One-, Two-, and Three-Dimensional Model, is an analytical ground-water transport model. AT123D computes the spatial-temporal concentration distribution of wastes in the aquifer system and predicts the transient spread of a contaminant plume through a ground-water aquifer. The fate and transport processes accounted for are advection, dispersion, adsorption, and decay. AT123D estimates all the above components on a monthly basis for up to 99 years of simulation time.
AT123D can be used as an assessment tool to help the user estimate the dissolved concentration of a chemical in three dimensions in ground water resulting from a mass release over a source area. AT123D can handle: two kinds of source releases-instantaneous, continuous with a constant loading or time-varying releases; three types of waste-radioactive, chemicals, heat; four types of source configurations-a point source, a line source parallel to the x-, y-, z-axis, an area source perpendicular to the z-axis, a volume source; four variations of the aquifer dimensions-finite depth and finite width, finite depth and infinite width, infinite depth and finite width, infinite depth and infinite width.
AT123D assumes that the aquifer is a homogeneous and isotropic aquifer with ground water flowing almost horizontally. When describing points at which the chemical enters the aquifer or points at which concentrations are to be estimated, AT123D uses a triple-axis system. Ground-water flow and pollutant spread occur primarily in the direction of the x-axis. The y-axis describes the width of the release source or the plume in the horizontal or the transverse direction. The depth of the chemical plume from the surface of the aquifer is described using the z-axis.


Input data consists of three types: simulation parameters, source configurations, and soil and waste properties. Output data contains the model input and predicted concentrations at a user-specified set of positions (x,y,z coordinates) for specified output times. The concentration tables report dissolved pollutant in parts per million (ppm) which corresponds to milligrams per liter. In the output file, the concentration of sorbed chemical is not directly reported. Instead, AT123D prints a ratio for calculating the sorbed concentration above each table of dissolved concentrations.

Table 1 - Input Parameters Required by AT123D

Simulation ParametersSimulation Parameters:
Simulation length, time step;
Accuracy tolerance, number of roots
Output controls:
Number of points in x, y and z directions;
First/last output time step numbers;
Print interval
Simulation parameters can be obtained from the SSOUT###. ATX file.
Source ConfigurationRelease:
Instantaneous or continuous;
Loading rates
Radioactive waste, chemicals, or heat
A point, a line, an area, or a volume source
Finite/infinite depth and width
Loading rates can be obtained from the SSOUT###.ATX file
Soil & Waste PropertiesAquifer:
Bulk density, porosity;
Hydraulic conductivity, hydraulic gradient;
Dispersivities in x, y, and z directions
Adsorption coefficient, first-order decay rate, Heat exchange, molecular diffusion coefficient
Density, porosity, and hydraulic conductivity can be obtained from Soil Database

AT123D can be used alone or it can be linked to SESOIL so that the mass loading to the ground water predicted by SESOIL is automatically transferred to AT123D. The AT123D Postprocessor creates a graphic data file which may be used by any spreadsheet or graphics program that accepts ASCII files, i.e., Excel, Surfer. The graphic data file contains all the data required for Isopleths or 3-D plots. AT123D also allows the user to directly access RISKPRO.


486/Pentium running Windows 3.1/95/NT, 8 MB RAM

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Incredible NetworksΤελευταία Ενημέρωση 27 Ιουλίου 2004 - Last Revised on July 27th 2004
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