Simulation of Watershed Hydrology and Water Quality for Conventional and Toxic Organic Pollutants
HSPF, Hydrologic Simulation Program Fortran, is a U.S. EPA program for simulation of watershed hydrology and water quality for both conventional and toxic organic pollutants. The model uses information such as the time history of rainfall, temperature and solar radiation; land surface characteristics such as land use patterns; and land management practices to simulate the processes that occur in a watershed. The result of this simulation is a time history of the quantity and quality of runoff from an urban or agricultural watershed. Flow rate, sediment load, and nutrient and pesticide concentrations are predicted. HSPF includes an internal data-base management system to process the large amounts of simulation input and output. HSPF includes the source code, executable version, user's guide, and technical support. The HSPF Report/Doc is not included.
HSPF, Hydrological Simulation Program-FORTRAN, is an EPA computer program that can simulate the watershed hydrology, and associated water quality for both conventional and toxic organic pollutants on pervious and impervious land surfaces and in streams and well mixed impoundments. HSPF incorporates the watershed-scale Agricultural Runoff Model (ARM) and Non-Point Source (NPS) models into a basin-scale analysis framework that includes pollutant transport and transformation in stream channels.
The model uses information such as the time history of rainfall, temperature and solar radiation; land surface characteristics such as land use patterns; and land management practices to simulate the processes that occur in a watershed. The result of this simulation is a time history of the quantity and quality of runoff from an urban or agricultural watershed. Flow rate, sediment load, and nutrient and pesticide concentrations are predicted. HSPF includes an internal data-base management system to process the large amounts of simulation input and output.
HSPF consists of a set of modules arranged in a hierarchical structure, which permit the continuous simulation of a comprehensive range of hydrologic and water quality processes. Experience with sophisticated models indicates that much of the human effort is associated with data management. This fact, often overlooked by model builders, means that a successful comprehensive model must include a sound data management component. The HSPF software is planned around a time series management system operating on direct access principles. The simulation modules draw input from a Time Series Store and are capable of writing output to it. Because these transfers require very few instructions from the user, the problems referred to above are minimized.
The HSPF system is designed so that the various simulation and utility modules can be invoked conveniently, either individually or in tandem. A top down approach emphasizing structured design has been followed. First, the overall framework and the Time Series Management System were designed. Then, work progressed down the structure from the highest, most general level to the lowest, most detailed one. Every level was planned before the code was written. Uniform data structures, logic figures, and programming conventions were used throughout. Modules were separated according to function so that, as much as passable, they contained only those activities which are unique to them. Structured design has made the system relatively easy to extend, so that users can add their own modules with relatively little disruption of the existing code.
- The time-series-oriented direct access data system and its associated modules can serve as a convenient means of inputting, organizing and updating the large files needed for continuous simulation.
- The unified user oriented structure of the model makes it relatively simple to operate. The user can select those modules and options that he wishes to execute in one run, and the system will ensure that the correct sets of code are invoked and that internal and external transfers of data are handled. This is achieved with a minimum of manual intervention. Input of control information is simplified because a consistent system is used for this data for all the modules.
- Because the system has been carefully planned using modern top-down programming techniques, it is relatively easy to modify and extend. The use of uniform programming standards and conventions has assisted in this respect.
- The HSPF package includes the source and executable codes and several additional utility modules. The Report/Doc is not included.
IBM-PC or compatible with 640K RAM, math coprocessor, and hard disk.
Συνδεθείτε με τα επόμενα ενδιαφέροντα Sites και δεν θα χάσετε!
Κατάλογος εργαλείων προγραμματισμού σε Windows και για τον Web
Κατάλογος επιστημονικών προγραμμάτων της MP & Associates που είτε δεν υπάρχει αντιπρόσωπος στην Ελλάδα και έτσι τα εισάγουμε είτε υπάρχει και μπορούμε να σας τα προμηθεύσουμε μέσω αυτού.
Τελευταία Ενημέρωση 27 Ιουλίου 2004 - Last Revised on July 27th 2004
Copyright 1998-2005 MP & Associates - Φορμίωνος 119-121 - ΑΘΗΝΑ 16121 - Τηλ: (210) 7600955 - Fax: (210) 7600956